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Justice Versus Fairness
Abstract Preview. Hopkins Vol. Abstract Immigrant populations in many developed democracies have grown rapidly, and so too has an extensive literature on natives' attitudes toward immigration. Barbara Geddes Vol. Abstract This essay synthesizes the results of the large number of studies of late—20th-century democratization published during the last 20 years. Abstract This article examines if the emergence of more partisan media has contributed to political polarization and led Americans to support more partisan policies and candidates.
JUSTICE AND FAIRNESS
More Contributors to this edited book consider the normative issues at stake in the relationship between environmental sustainability and social justice. Authors Affiliations are at time of print publication. Print Save Cite Email Share. Show Summary Details. Subscriber Login Email Address.
Library Card. View: no detail some detail full detail. Introduction Andrew Dobson. It is a model, an abstract mental device to help us understand something else, in this case, the principles of political or social justice. There are three fundamental features of the representatives in the Original Position that reflect the two moral powers of which we spoke earlier. The first is that the representatives are rational in the sense that they wish to secure for those they represent the kind of goods that would enable them to work out including to revise if necessary their own conceptions of the good and then try to realize this good.
This feature recognizes that each person has a set of interests which are his or her own. These interests are linked to the person's moral power to form, revise, and pursue a conception of the good; in the case of persons with a comprehensive doctrine, the interests will be linked to the comprehensive doctrine. The second fundamental feature of the representatives in the Original Position is summed up in the phrase The Veil of Ignorance. The representatives, unlike persons in the ideal society and unlike ourselves in a less than ideal society, stand behind the Veil of Ignorance.
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That is to say, they do not know the following about the persons they represent: their sex, race, physical handicaps, social class, or conception of the good. They rightly assume that the persons represented have these features but they do not know what it is. A third feature of the representatives in the Original Position is that they possess a great deal of common sense general knowledge about human psychology and sociology. They know, for instance, that humans remember the past, anticipate the future, and interact with things and people in the present.
They know that people have diverse talents and interests.
Fairness essay and its various dimensions
They know that humans undertake projects of varying complexity--from traveling to a mall to raising a family to undertaking missionary work to fighting for social justice to undertaking medical research. They are aware of the general types of situations in which humans can find themselves that people can be sick or healthy, rich or poor, educated or ignorant, skilled or unskilled, indebted or free from debt, in a healthy natural environment or a degraded one, enslaved or free, etc. Specifically they are aware of that persons possess the two moral powers. They are aware that persons have a conception of the good.
The first and second features of the representatives in the Original Position correspond to the two moral powers.
Our capacity to frame and pursue a conception of the good is reflected in the rationality of the representatives who choose for us in order to optimize our ability to investigate and pursue the good. Our capacity for a sense of justice is reflected in the operation of the Veil of Ignorance.
Freedom, money and justice as fairness - Blain Neufeld,
The Veil of Ignorance is what makes their imaginary choices on our behalf fair. Expounding the Principles of Justice from the Idea of the Original Position As stated above, our representatives in the Original Position are given the task of selecting principles of justice that will govern the basic structure of society. To show briefly how they will reason, let us consider whether they would choose a principle of equal opportunity, say, a principle that would make economic discrimination on the basis of race, gender, or religion unjust.
Recall that they do not know specifics about the individual persons they represent but they are committed to optimizing the interests of those persons. The best way to achieve this would be to rule out discrimination on the basis of race, gender, or religion. For if discrimination were permitted, then persons at stage 2 who have and know they have a specific race, or gender, or religion would find themselves at a disadvantage.